Today I will share about Digital Camera Tip: What is ISO? It used to be that you had to change film reels to adjust the camera’s sensitivity to light. Now it’s just a setting you can adjust the menu called ISO. It is a numerical scale, so if you set the camera to ISO 400 is twice as sensitive to light that when set of 200. Depending on the type of image you are trying to take, the ISO you want to use can vary greatly.
The first thing you must understand is that the ISO is only one third of the equation when it comes to properly exposed image. The other two variables, aperture and shutter speed work in conjunction with the camera’s light sensitivity to capture an image that is the right brightness.Let’s just say, keep it simple, that the opening-how much light the lens captures-is fixed. Increase the ISO, you can shorten the time it takes for the shutter to open and close, making it possible to freeze the motion. Conversely, there are some occasions where you might want to lower ISO and a faster shutter speed, landscape photographers sometimes use this technique to smooth the appearance of a river or waterfall.
Although the sensitivity at any given ISO is standardized, ISO 100 is the same no matter what camera you use, the result is not. In general, image sensors with lower pixel density can produce images with less noise in the image at a wider range of ISO settings than those who are chock full of pixels.
Pixel density is fairly easy to figure out. A typical point-and-shoot camera has an image sensor which is 4.6 by 6.2 millimeters in size, it’s really, really small. A typical APS-C DSLR has a sensor that is 18 by 24 millimeters. If both cameras have the same resolution, the 16-megapixel Sony Alpha NEX-C3 and cheap Canon PowerShot A2400 is the pixel density camera with a physically larger image sensor is much lower, giving an innate edge at higher ISOs.The higher you raise a camera’s ISO, the more noise you introduce into your images.
Digital noise is related to granularity, so lots of noise is good for artistic images, or the times when you want a retro Instagram look, but it’s something that you want to avoid the traditional portraits and family snapshots.
We test each camera that passes through the PC Labs to see how it performs at various ISO settings using the Imatest suite.
Our cutoff point for acceptable image noise is 1.5 percent, and we also look to see if a camera is to keep the noise is low at the expense of fine details. Cameras can apply digital noise reduction to photos, and if it is too aggressive, the fine details wiped away along with the noise. Some more advanced cameras, such as the interchangeable lens Pentax K-01, you can adjust the level of noise reduction applied to JPEG images to suit your taste.
If you have a camera that supports it, and prefer to shoot in RAW format, you can always adjust the level of noise reduction applied during your post-processing workflow.
When shopping for a new camera, it is important to look not only at the highest ISO possible, but read the reviews to see how the camera performs in that setting. For example, both the compact Olympus XZ-1 and Canon PowerShot ELPH 520 HS can shoot at ISO 3200, but Olympus has a larger sensor and can take clean images, ISO 1600, the ELPH can only manage the same feat by ISO 200.
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